Lula Wins the Brazilian Election! (Vocabulary from the News)


Lula has won the Brazilian elections. The former president defeated incumbent Jair Bolsonaro after reaching 50.9% of votes.

During his first period as president, Lula was incredibly popular thanks to his policies which lifted millions of Brazilians out of poverty.

However, after spending time in jail for corruption, his victory is controversial. Backers of his opponent, Bolsonaro, accuse him of being a criminal and a “thief.”

Here is some useful vocabulary to help you understand Lula’s victory!


Vocabulary

Incumbent

Incumbent - vocabulary graphic including meaning and example sentence. Designed by Thinking in English podcast. Credit thinkinginenglish.blog

Incumbent – /ɪnˈkʌmb(ə)nt/ – (of an official or regime) currently holding office

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva has defeated the incumbent president Jair Bolsonaro in the Brazilian presidential election

Bitter

Bitter - vocabulary graphic including meaning and example sentence. Designed by Thinking in English podcast. Credit thinkinginenglish.blog

Bitter – /ˈbɪtə/ – (of a conflict, argument, or opponent) full of anger and acrimony

After a bitter campaign, Lula won 50.9% of Brazilian votes

Stunning

Stunning - vocabulary graphic including meaning and example sentence. Designed by Thinking in English podcast. Credit thinkinginenglish.blog

Stunning – /ˈstʌnɪŋ/ – shocking or very impressive

Lula’s victory is a stunning comeback for the former president who was in prison for corruption only a few years ago

To annul

To annul - vocabulary graphic including meaning and example sentence. Designed by Thinking in English podcast. Credit thinkinginenglish.blog

To annul – /əˈnʌl/ – to officially announce that something such as a law, agreement, or marriage no longer exists

After spending 580 days in jail, Lula’s convictions were annulled

Poverty

Poverty - vocabulary graphic including meaning and example sentence. Designed by Thinking in English podcast. Credit thinkinginenglish.blog

Poverty – /ˈpɒvəti/ – the state of being extremely poor

Lula was incredibly popular during his first period as president as he helping lift millions of people out of poverty

Backer

Backer - vocabulary graphic including meaning and example sentence. Designed by Thinking in English podcast. Credit thinkinginenglish.blog

Backer /ˈbakə/ – a person, institution, or country that supports someone or something

The result is likely to anger Bolsonaro’s millions of backers, who argue Lula is corrupt and “a thief”

Opposition

Opposition - vocabulary graphic including meaning and example sentence. Designed by Thinking in English podcast. Credit thinkinginenglish.blog

Opposition – /ɒpəˈzɪʃ(ə)n/ – resistance or dissent, expressed in action or argument

However, Bolsonaro’s allies won a majority in the Congress, meaning Lula will face strong opposition to his policies

Unity

Unity - vocabulary graphic including meaning and example sentence. Designed by Thinking in English podcast. Credit thinkinginenglish.blog

Unity /ˈjuːnɪti/ – the state of being united or joined as a whole

Lula’s tactic of creating a “unity” campaign involving politicians from different political parties seems to have been successful

Who do you think of Lula?

Try using this vocabulary to make some sentences in the comments!

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189. Why is Scotland in the UK? (English Vocabulary Lesson) Thinking in English

Support the Podcast and Join my Patreon HERE — https://www.patreon.com/thinkinginenglish Check Out the NEW YOUTUBE Channel!!! – https://www.youtube.com/@thinkinginenglishpodcast TRANSCRIPT – https://thinkinginenglish.blog/2022/11/30/why-is-scotland-in-the-uk/ What is the difference between the UK, Great Britain, the British Isles, and England? What is the United Kingdom? And why did Scotland join the UK? Let’s discuss these topics, and practice some vocabulary, on today’s episode of Thinking in English! You may also like… I Moved Country (Again)!! 188. Should We Boycott the Qatar World Cup? (English Vocabulary Lesson) 187. Who is Elon Musk? (English Vocabulary Lesson) 186. What is Thanksgiving?: The REAL Story Behind America’s Most Famous Holiday (English Vocabulary Lesson) INSTAGRAM – thinkinginenglishpodcast (https://www.instagram.com/thinkinginenglishpodcast/)  Blog – thinkinginenglish.blog YouTube – https://www.youtube.com/@thinkinginenglishpodcast Vocabulary List Interchangeably (adv) – in a way that can be exchanged without making any difference or without being noticed Figs can be used interchangeably with dates in this recipe Kingdom (n) – a country ruled by a king or queen They visited many kingdoms while travelling Union (n) – a political unit made up of two or more separate units such as states The United Kingdom is a union of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland To conquer (v) – to take control or possession of foreign land, or a group of people, by force The English were conquered by the Normans in 1066 Sovereign (adj) – having the highest power or being completely independent We must respect the rights of sovereign states/nations to conduct their own affairs. Bankrupt (informal adj) – having no money I’ll go bankrupt if you keep asking me for money! Devolution (n) – the moving of power or responsibility from a main organization to a lower level, or from a central government to a local government The majority of people in the region are in favour of devolution. Referendum (n) – a vote in which all the people in a country or an area are asked to give their opinion about or decide an important political or social question We will hold a referendum on independence next year — Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/thinking-english/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/thinking-english/support
  1. 189. Why is Scotland in the UK? (English Vocabulary Lesson)
  2. I Moved Country (Again)!!
  3. 188. Should We Boycott the Qatar World Cup? (English Vocabulary Lesson)
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  5. 186. What is Thanksgiving?: The REAL Story Behind America’s Most Famous Holiday (English Vocabulary Lesson)


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